Simulation models provide information about the effects of hurricanes of different intensities and paths. This approach includes the collection and management of core long-term datasets.

Modeling climate and photosynthesis for the entire Luquillo - The ecological models developed by the Systems Ecology Lab at SUNY-ESF for the Luquillo Experimental Forest (LEF) of the Luquillo Mountains in northeastern Puerto Rico provide a visualization of ESF group's efforts to model the entire mountain over time and to undertake explicit validation of the model output as a function of elevation. - (from

TOPOCLIM - The TOPOCLIM model (TOPOgraphically driven CLIMate model) generates simulated values of climatic variables in mountainous terrain.

Soil Organic Carbon - a spatially-explicit version of the CENTURY soil model to characterize the storage and flux of soil organic carbon (SOC, 0-30 cm depth) in the Luquillo Experimental Forest (LEF), Puerto Rico as a function of climate, vegetation, and soils.
GPP Model - simulated forest gross primary productivity
NPP Model - shows the annual change of NPP over the whole LEF

University of North Texas, Environmental Modeling Laboratory - "Also, an important objective of the LEF LTER program is to understand the dynamics of forest community response to environmental gradients and disturbances over the entire mountain landscape." (text from

Landscape Model - We describe a combined gap and patch- transition modeling approach to contribute to the understanding of the dynamics of forest community response to environmental gradients and disturbances.