Twenty five (2 m X 5 m) plots have been set in each field next to the forest. These are organized in five rows with five plots each set up with the 5 m side along the forest edge. The percentage of the area of each plot covered by each species is visually estimated (file 1). For each tree stem in each plot greater than 1 m in height, we measure the basal diameter and height, and identify the species. (File 2). Six fields (Pasture left, pasture right, Sugar cane left, Sugar cane right, banana left, banana right) x 2 files each=12 total files.